Python

Qoddi automatically build your Python app from your code.
In order to do that Qoddi uses buildpacks to detect and build automatically your app.

You can fork or build this repository to get started with Python on Qoddi

To be able to build your app, Qoddi needs several files to be placed inside the root directory of your app :

  • requirements.txt
  • Procfile
  • At least one .py file

Create your app on Qoddi

Create a new app and link it with your repository using SSH keys.

Read this article for a detailed procedure or check this video :

requirements.txt

The requirements.txt file is mandatory for your app to build. It will automatically add all required extensions via pip at the app-building phase.

If you don’t need any extension you need to add an empty requirements.txt file inside the root directory of your app.

The complete collection of extensions available with pip are available here
Note: Packages with unsupported C dependencies will not build on Qoddi and will throw an error.

More informations about pip requirement files

Procfile

The Procfile informs the engine of the type of app you are running and prepares the infrastructure accordingly.

On Qoddi, a Procfile always starts by web: regardless of your app type or expected behavior. The exposure of your app to the Internet and other network settings can be updated on your app settings page.

The Procfile basically contains the type of app and the initial script to run when the app starts :

web: python3 server.py

Python Runtime

You can specify a version of the Python runtime by including it within a runtime.txt file. For example:

python-3.9.2

If the runtime.txt file is not present, Qoddi will use the last stable version of Python to build the app.

Supported runtimes

  • python-3.10.3
  • python-3.9.11 
  • python-3.8.13
  • python-3.7.13 

End of Life support

python-3.6.15 is available but not maintained anymore

Support for Pypy (Beta)

pypy3.6-7.3.2 is available and must be specified in a runtime.txt file. This is currently an experimental feature.

Ephemeral Disk

Contrary to Marketplace apps that can use Qoddi’s virtual disks features to store and retrieve persistent data, apps that are created from code use an immutable file system.

You can write data locally, for instance, to process files temporarily during your application life, but the data written into your app’s disk is not persistent and gets wiped out after your app restart.

All apps restart at least once every 24 hours, to apply a new setting or to deploy a new build.

To store data and keep it persistent you can use external services like Amazon S3 or Wasabi, an S3 compatible storage service with very affordable pricing.

Add a domain name

Please check this article for a detailed method on how to use your domain name with Qoddi apps.

Define environment variables

Note: Environment variables set in your app settings are injected during the build process. If the build of your app needs to use an env variable make sure to set it before requesting the build.

Qoddi lets you externalize the configuration of your app: the Qoddi cluster will automatically inject the data when the app starts or restart.

Environment variables can include any external data your app needs to run like external resources, databases addresses, encryption keys, etc…

To add an environment variable, access your app settings and click “Add ENV Variable” :

Enter the key (like DATABASE_USER) and the value and click “Add”. Qoddi will automatically add your environment variable and restart your app after a one-minute delay (to let you add more env variables if necessary without restarting the app each time a new variable is added).

Provision a database

Qoddi Marketplace includes all popular datastore engines including Mysql, Postgres, MongoDB, and Redis.
To add a database to your app, click on Marketplace and select the database you want to run, then create the new app database inside the same stack as your Python app.

Once the app is running, visit the database app’s settings and retrieve the “internal name” :

Use this internal name as you would use a server address, for instance for MySQL this name replaces the usual “localhost”. Some scripts require you to add the database port at the end of the server address. Qoddi uses a common port for each database software, for MySQL it will be 3306 and you can write it like that inside your scripts: internal-name:3306
Postgres usually uses credentials sent inside the login URL, like that : postgres://<user>:<password>@<internalname>:5432/<database>

The login and password information is available inside the Environment Variables of the database app.

Reach your app from another app

Inside your app stack, you can reach any other Qoddi app member of this stack on any port. Qoddi automatically routes the traffic internally and opens the appropriate port. By opposition, your app is only reachable on ports 80/443 from outside of Qoddi.

To reach your app internally, retrieve the internal name from your app settings page :

This name can be used to reach your app from another app inside the same stack. Use it in any form that works with your script :

http://<internalname>
<internalname>
http://internalname>:port

Note: https:// is not available, all the traffic inside apps is already encrypted by the cluster.

Encryption

Qoddi uses at rest encryption for the app virtual disks, build images, and encrypted transport from inside the cluster. To make sure the traffic is encrypted between your app and the browser of your users you can set up SSL certificates for any domain name connected to the app (including Qoddi’s default domain name).

Scale your App

From your app settings you can scale your app vertically and horizontally: by upgrading the app size (refer to our pricing for app sizes details) or by adding more nodes.

Additional nodes will run another copy of your app inside another Qoddi server located inside the same cluster (same geographical location). Traffic is automatically sent to the least occupied node by Qoddi’s load balancer.

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